This article is intended to assist customers in understanding the new Connection Manager for NCOS 6.0 and later. Cradlepoint decided to simplify The Connection Manager by combining the upper WAN Interfaces section and lower Advanced Configuration Rules section into one cohesive format. This new format will also unify the customer experience across local configurations and NCM configurations.
Change Priority Column
This column allows the user to click and drag an interface to change it's priority. If a profile or device is moved to an invalid location in the grid, a message displays that indicates the profile or device cannot be moved to that location.
WAN Type Column
This column displays the WAN type and it's current state.
Green = Connected, Red = Not Connected, Gray = Profile
Signal Bars = Cellular Modem, LAN Icon = Ethernet, WiFi Icon = WiFi as WAN
Profile Name Column
This column displays the Profiles and the Devices assigned to them. Arrow icons designate devices. Select a device to display specific information about the connection including IP Address, Gateway, and Netmask.
This column displays the current conditions of the Profile/Device. If an interface is down, this column will show the state and error of the WAN Interface.
The Availability Section contains quick access to WAN related features. A check box allows to enable/disable the specific feature. A gear link allows for the user to open a configuration screen to that specific feature. A green gear indicates the feature is currently enabled. A gray gear indicates the feature is disabled. Below defines each column within the Availability Section
Enabled - Check/Uncheck the box to enable/disable the WAN Interface/Profile
Standby - Check/Uncheck the box to enable/disable Standby mode
Standby is used to decrease failover time from one WAN interface to another.
When Standby is enabled for a WAN profile or interface, the relevant interfaces are kept in a connected-but-idle (minimal, non-routed traffic) state. When the current WAN connection is disrupted, the traffic will failover to the next priority WAN. If that interface is on Standby, the connection is already established and failover will take much less time.
The current connected interace(s) is/are indicated by a green connection state. For the interfaces on Standby, the interface is indicated by a yellow connection state. If the interface is indicated in red, the interface is not currently connected or in Standby
Note: Standby is used to enable faster failover times only. If you want to manage traffic to a specific WAN interface, you will need to use WAN Affinity. If WAN Affinity is enabled for a particular profile or interface, do not enable Standby for that profile or interface as the failover results may vary and be unexpected.
Load Balance - Check/Uncheck the box to enable/disable Load Balancing for the WAN Interface/Profile
3. Smart Disconnect AKA Failback - Select the gear link to configure 'Smart Disconnect'. From here you can configure 'Smart Disconnect' for the WAN Interface/Profile. Connection State: Connection State refers to how interfaces using this profile will initially connect. By default, an interface will "connect as needed" as determined by priority, availability and configuration. Other options include: Standby: Standby will cause the interface to connect as soon as ready, but no data will be routed to the interface until it becomes active. This makes the interface more immediately available when an interface change is needed. Always On: Always On will connect the interface and leave it connected. The interface is considered active and data may be routed to the interface at any time based on routing and firewall policies.
WAN Management section at the bottom of the page allows the user to enable Data Usage and select which Load Balance Algorithm is being used.
WAN Management Post 6.4 NCOS
Dual SIM - SIM slots may be disabled for any modem by port. Use this grid to disable either of the SIM slots on a dual SIM modem. Disabling an unused SIM slot will decrease the modem's initialization time, and a disabled SIM will no longer appear in the Connection Manager. This setting has no effect on single SIM modems. NOTE: Any SIM inserted into a disabled slot will not be recognized!
Multi-PDN- Multi-PDN (Packet Data Network) makes it possible to have more than one simultaneous WAN interface/connection on a single modem/SIM. Multiple PDNs may be used to support public/private networks, split billing, and other features. Each PDN receives its own IP address. Each Multi-PDN interface appears as a separate entry in the WAN Interface Table of the Connection Manager so that each PDN may be configured independently. For example, the first PDN could be configured as a public network, and the second as a private network, with each PDN billed to a separate account. In order for Multi-PDN to function properly, the following three conditions must be met:
The modem module must support Multi-PDN.
The SIM must be provisioned for Multi-PDN by the cellular carrier.
The PDN Count must be set to the desired number of PDNs for the modem/SIM.
Click the PDN Count column on the appropriate Port Name row to modify.
Note: If the PDN Count setting is greater than the maximum supported by the carrier or the module, only the maximum supported will appear in the Connection Manager.
Connection Set - Connection sets define a group of interfaces that will all connect or disconnect as a set (all or none). WAN interfaces may optionally be assigned to a connection set. Load Balance: A Connection Set may optionally be Load Balanced to distribute traffic among the set members. Click the grid cell to modify. Load Balance Algorithm: On Load Balanced sets, the algorithm may be selected. Click the grid cell to modify. Options include:
Round-Robin: Evenly distribute each session to connected WAN interfaces.
Rate: Distribute load based on the current upload and download rates. A WAN interface's upload and download bandwidth values are configured in the General tab of the Profile settings.
Spillover: Load is always given to interfaces with the most available bandwidth. The estimated bandwidth rate is based on a combination of the upload and download bandwidth configuration and the observed capabilities of the interface. A WAN interface's upload and download bandwidth values are configured in the General tab of the Profile settings.
Data Usage: This mode works in concert with the Data Usage feature. The router will make a best effort to keep data usage balanced between interfaces at a similar percentage of the assigned data cap in the Data Usage rule for each interface. For proper function, you need to create data usage rules for each WAN interface you will be load balancing. Make certain to select the "Use with Load Balancing" checkbox in the Data Usage rule editor.
Note: When Load Balance is enabled on a Connection Set, the router will use all set members to increase the data throughput. Adding an interface to an active connection set will automatically connect the WAN interface and add it to the pool of WAN interfaces to use for data transfer. Interfaces configured with different IP modes (e.g. IPv4-only and IPv4+IPv6) will not be load-balanced.
Note: For Dual-SIM devices, only one interface can connect at a time. If the SIMs are in the same connection set, SIM1 or SIM2 will be connected, but not both.
With the new Connection Manager Cradlepoint will be introducing WAN Interface Profiles.
Each WAN interface must be assigned to a profile.
There will be 5 default profiles. (Ethernet, LTE-only Modems, LTE/3G Multi-mode Modems, WiFi as WAN, and 3G-only Modems)
When a new WAN source is detected, it will be assigned automatically to the profile that best matches the WAN source technology. If the device does not match a default profile a 'Legacy Profile' will be created matching the settings of the WAN source.
Configuration changes can be made to an individual WAN interface or a Profile.
Any configuration changes made to a Profile will affect all WAN Interfaces under that Profile.
When configuration changes are made to an individual WAN Interface causing it to differ from the Profile, then a new Profile matching the changes will be created with that WAN Interface assigned to it.
Adding and Editing Profiles and Devices
Adding a Profile
1. Under Wan Interface Profiles & Priority select Add to create a new WAN Interface Profile
2. Choose a profile name and WAN type. (Ethernet, Modem, WWAN)
Note: A modem is designated by it's capable technology. When selecting Modem type the profile must match the technology the modem is capable of. Even if the a technology is not being utilized, such as 3G, it must still be included in the profile or the device cannot be assigned to that profile.
Settings that were previously configurable in Advanced Configuration Rules on the previous Connection Manager, have been moved to the lower half of the Filter Criteria screen.
Edit a Profile/Device
Under Wan Interface Profiles & Priority select the device you want to reconfigure, click the Edit button to reconfigure WAN Interface Profiles/Devices